1914: The first steps of war propaganda. The British case and the Romanian approach

This is a story of the British propaganda in the first year of World War I. Main British propaganda institutions such as Wellington House, Crewe House or Ministry of Information are presented with their specific actions in the context of war. The ...
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A German-Russian secret agreement: the Treaty of Rapallo

April 16th, 1922. Germany and Russia, the former adversaries of World War I, met in the Italian city of Rapallo to sign a treaty through which each renounced the territorial and financial claims set in 1918 by the Peace Treaty of Brest – Litovsk. The Treaty...
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The Union Act of Democratic Moldavian Republic of Bessarabia

On April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918, Sfatul Țării decided with 86 votes for, 3 against and 36 abstaining (mostly non-Romanians), for union with the Kingdom of Romania, conditional upon the fulfillment of agrarian reform, local autonomy, and respect for universal...
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Everyday life in a Romanian city during the German occupation

Ramnicu Valcea was under German occupation for two years, starting from November 1916. The arrival of the German army in the city meant rationalization of consumption, speculation and, at the same time, more taxes for the people who did not manage to leave...
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How many Romanians fought for Austro-Hungary during the First World War?

The First World War, besides the well-known political decisions and consequences, brought a great deal of suffering for many European peoples. We can include here those of the Romanian soldiers under foreign domination, who were forced to participate in this...
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Manifesto to the peoples of Estonia

The Estonian Declaration of Independence, also known as the Manifesto to the Peoples of Estonia is the founding act of the Republic of Estonia from  February 24th 1918. In the course of centuries never have the Estonian people lost their desire for independence. From...

Why wasn’t Germany invaded at the end of World War One?

The Third Reich was invaded in 1945 from West and East by the Anglo-American and Soviet troops respectively. In order to be victorious over it, they had to effectively destroy the National-Socialist regime. However, the Entente was not in the same situation at the end...

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