The collapse of the Russian army on the Romanian Front

After the great battles of Mărăști, Mărășești and Oituz in the summer of 1917 on the Romanian Front, the situation would calm down, but only for a short while. The big problem was the social and political upheavals that troubled Russia more and more. The Russian army...

Propaganda war on the Romanian Front in the autumn of 1917

With the end of the Battle of Oituz, the Central Powers began to shift their attention, but also most of their troops, to the Western Front. On the Romanian Front, however, the Central Powers began an ample propaganda war. The Central Powers began transferring troops...

The Romanian Front in the autumn of 1917: “A miraculous balancing act”

By engaging additional enemy troops at Mărăști, Mărăşeşti and Oituz in the summer of 1917, Romania helped its allies fighting on the Western and the Italian fronts. But more than that, the Romanian theatre of operations was one of the few encouraging episodes to the...

Why was Romania forced to call for an armistice?

The great battles of Mărăști, Mărășești and Oituz in the summer of 1917 had a significant impact on the Romanian forces, increasing the morale and confidence in their own strength. Romanian general Alexandru Averescu called the Battle of Mărăști “the first real...

Chaos and infighting between the former allies: the returning of the Russian soldiers to Bolshevik Russia

The hopes of Romania, but also of the Entente, to maintain the Eastern Front through the winter of 1917-1918 were dashed by the armistice of Brest-Litovsk, signed between Bolshevik Russia and the Central Powers on November 26/December 7, 1917. The armistice would seal...

The testimonies of an Austro-Hungarian soldier: “In these moments a man forgets about his parents, about death, and he becomes much like a wild animal”

Nikolaus Páll was a soldier in the army of the Austro-Hungarian Empire during the First World War. In a small notebook he wrote about his wartime experiences: as he was sent to the Italian Alps, the conditions he witnessed at the front, his comrades, about desperation...

Lenin’s April Theses, April 1917

In Russian the "Aprelskiye Tezisy", the April Theses formed a programme developed by Lenin during the 1917 Russian Revolution.  In these Lenin called for Soviet control of the state.  When published the theses contributed to the July Days rising and to the subsequent...

The Abdication of Nicholas II

Nicholas II signed his abdication on 15 March 1917 (2 March, Julian Calendar), at 3.05 pm. The document was countersigned by the Minister of the Imperial Court, and directed to the Chief of Staff. In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for...

Why wasn’t Germany invaded at the end of World War One?

The Third Reich was invaded in 1945 from West and East by the Anglo-American and Soviet troops respectively. In order to be victorious over it, they had to effectively destroy the National-Socialist regime. However, the Entente was not in the same situation at the end...

The testimonies of an Austro-Hungarian soldier: “In these moments a man forgets about his parents, about death, and he becomes much like a wild animal”

Nikolaus Páll was a soldier in the army of the Austro-Hungarian Empire during the First World War. In a small notebook he wrote about his wartime experiences: as he was sent to the Italian Alps, the conditions he witnessed at the front, his comrades, about desperation...