Manifesto to the peoples of Estonia

The Estonian Declaration of Independence, also known as the Manifesto to the Peoples of Estonia is the founding act of the Republic of Estonia from  February 24th 1918. In the course of centuries never have the Estonian people lost their desire for independence. From...

The Peace Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia’s participation in World War I. The...

Peace offer by the Pope – August 1917

The war could ended one year before we Pope Benedict XV propose a peace. The war and its consequences were Benedict’s main focus during the early years of his pontificate. He declared the neutrality of the Holy See and attempted from that perspective to mediate...

The Fourteen Points of President Wilson

In his speech to Congress, President Wilson declared fourteen points which he regarded as the only possible basis of an enduring peace. They were according to him: I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international...

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